Cognitive Flexibility And Positivity As Predictors Of Career Future In University Students

Akyol E. Y. , Boyacı M.

20th International Congress on Psychological Counseling and Guidance, Samsun, Türkiye, 25 - 27 Ekim 2018, cilt.1, no.1, ss.367-368

  • Cilt numarası: 1
  • Basıldığı Şehir: Samsun
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Türkiye
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.367-368


Problem: The purpose of this study is to examine whether the career future of university students can be predicted significantly by cognitive flexibility and positivity. Individuals are expected to be productive and open to improvement in order to ensure the development of countries in the modern educational understanding. For this reason, individuals should be able to recognize themselves and orient themselves to the appropriate profession and present their potential at the highest level. Moreover, the requirements of a job are changing rapidly and this change is becoming increasingly uncertain day by day. This situation leads to more difficulties for individuals in their career transitions. In this context, career counseling and vocational guidance studies have begun to gain importance. Method: In this study, correlational design was used as a quantitative research method in order to determine the relationship between career future, cognitive flexibility, and positivity. The study designed for this purpose is consist of 401 participants (290 women, 111 men) who attended two different universities in Ankara and Istanbul. A convenience sampling procedure was used to collect data. The data of this research were collected by using Turkish adaptation of the "Career Futures Inventory ", "Cognitive Flexibility Inventory", and "Positivity Scale". Besides these, a personal information form was used for collecting various demographic variables. Frequency, percentage, ANOVA, correlation and multiple linear regression analysis were used in analyzing the data. Findings: The findings demonstrated that career future is positively associated with cognitive flexibility and positivity. Multiple regression analysis was conducted to test the extent to which cognitive flexibility and positivity predicted career future. Results indicated that the prediction model was statistically significant and accounted for approximately 47% of the variance in career futures of university students. It was found that positivity was significantly higher in those who were satisfied with university education than in those who were not satisfied. Participants' career future scores by class level differ significantly in favor of those studying in the fourth grade. Moreover, the career future scores of students who voluntarily selected their department were significantly higher than those who were unwillingly chosen. Results: According to the findings, high cognitive flexibility and positivity of the students affect their career futures positively. In this context, starting with pre-school education, psychological counseling and guidance services can be given priority in psycho-educational studies aimed at training individuals with high cognitive flexibility and positivity. Besides this, it was found that those who voluntarily choose their own departments are likely to have higher career future scores. For this reason, the importance of career guidance and career counseling in order to get people to recognize themselves and to direct them to the most suitable areas has once again emerged with this research. These results suggest that school counseling services should start from the pre-school period and work on career development and vocational guidance in secondary education in particular. In addition, an empirical study can be designed to test the effect of cognitive flexibility and positivity on career futures.