FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra, molecular structure and first-order molecular hyperpolarizabilities of a potential antihistaminic drug, cyproheptadine HCl

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Güneşdoğdu Sağdınç S., Gündüz Aykaç İ.

Spectrochimica Acta Part A-Molecular And Biomolecular Spectroscopy, vol.134, pp.350-360, 2015 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 134
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.saa.2014.06.109
  • Journal Name: Spectrochimica Acta Part A-Molecular And Biomolecular Spectroscopy
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.350-360


Cyproheptadine hydrochloride (CYP HCl) {4-(5H-dibenzo[a,d]-cyclohepten-5-ylidene)-1-methylpiperidine hydrochloride} is a first-generation antihistamine with additional anticholinergic, antiserotonergic, and local-anesthetic properties. The geometry optimization, Mulliken atomic charges and wavenumber and intensity of the vibrational bands of all of the possible modes of CYP HCl have been calculated using ab initio Hartree–Fock (HF) and density functional theory (DFT) employing the B3LYP functional with the 6-311G(d,p) basis set. We have compared the calculated IR and Raman wavenumbers with experimental data. Quantum-chemical calculations of the geometrical structure, energies, and molecular electrostatic potential and NBO analysis of CYP HCl have been performed using the B3LYP/6-311G(d,p) method. The electric dipole moment (l), static polarizability (a) and the first hyperpolarizability (b) values of the title compound have been computed using HF and DFT methods. The study reveals that the antihistaminic pharmacological property of CYP HCl has a large b value and, hence, may in general have potential applications in the development of non-linear optical materials. The experimental and calculated results for CYP HCl have also been compared with those for mianserin HCl.