The Timing of Embryo Transfer Catheter Removal: Should It be Delayed or Done Immediately? A Prospective Randomized Trial

Devranoglu B., ÖZDAMAR Ö. , Cakiroglu Y., Kucukbas M., Eken M. K. , DOĞER E.

GYNECOLOGIC AND OBSTETRIC INVESTIGATION, cilt.83, ss.29-34, 2018 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 83 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2018
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1159/000460250
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.29-34


Background/Aims: Data on the timing of catheter removal technique following embryo transfer (ET) are quite limited. We aimed to compare the reproductive outcomes of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)/ET cycles in which the transfer catheter was removed immediately with those in which the catheter was removed after a delay period and hereby to evaluate the impact that the time interval before removal of the catheter following embryo deposit may have on the fertility outcomes. Methods: A prospective randomized study was designed. ICSI/ET patients <40 years were randomly assigned to either of the group from which catheter was withdrawn immediately within the first 5 s (Group A) or after a 30 s delay (Group B) following ET. Results: Groups A and B consisted of 147 and 148 patients, respectively. Patient demographics and stimulation characteristics were comparable between the groups. Pregnancy rate was 32.2% (95 of 295) and clinical pregnancy rate was 28.8% (85 of 295), whereas ongoing pregnancy was 24.4% (72 of 295) and implantation rate was 29.6% (100 of 338). The comparison of reproductive outcomes revealed no significant differences in pregnancy (p = 0.933), clinical pregnancy (p = 0.673), on-going pregnancy (p = 0.590), multiple pregnancy (p = 0.801), and implantation rates (p = 0.979) between the groups. Conclusion: No significant difference was observed in the reproductive outcomes between the groups; thus, there appears no requirement to delay the withdrawal of the catheter to improve the outcomes in ICSI cycles. (C) 2017 S. Karger AG, Basel