The Protection of Objects in Museum

Creative Commons License

Günay Y., İpek C.


  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Kocaeli
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.92-96


Many buildings that serve as museums in the world have historical value. Most of them are rigid masonry structures and were not built as museum buildings. For this reason, they are not sufficient structurally and architecturally as a museum building due to their qualities. Even if it is assumed that such buildings will withstand the effects of the expected earthquake, the objects inside the buildings (artifacts exhibited and stored) will be severely damaged due to the high floor accelerations to occur. For example, in California Earthquake The objects in museum were damaged and collapsed. If the amplitude or duration of ground motion increases, collisions or tumbles occur and artifacts can be damaged. Measures to be taken in our country, most of which are in the earthquake zone and where there are very valuable works and collections in their museums, will ensure that thousands of works that cannot be replaced will be entrusted to future generations. Special precautions are required to prevent damage caused by earthquake ground motion. The most obvious criterion that shows which measures will be taken in this regard is the dynamic behavioral model that the exhibited work will show. The dynamic behavior of the exhibited objects has been identified in three basic forms of reaction: sticking, rocking, or sliding. Artifacts are constantly evolving, as are efforts to protect them from earthquake damage, seismology, and our understanding of the nature of earthquakes. Most of the proposed solutions outlined in this article for protecting collections from seismic threats are focused on display conditions. This study presents the abatement concepts equally well for storage facilities where mitigation efforts can be applied with less concern for aesthetic presentation. Fastening objects on shelves firmly fixed to the wall; placing large limiting protrusions along the length and outer edges of shelves and placing soft buffered foam pads between objects at close range or seismic isolators under tipping artifacts are effective ways to protect stored collections.