Background: Primary objective of the present study is to describe the main risk factorsof
diabetes mellitus (DM) and to determine its prevelance among high school and university
teachers in Mogadishu, Somalia. Materials and Methods: Current study is designated as a
research survey in an attempt to collect data from members of a certain population in order
to determine the actual status of diabetes mellitus (DM) in respect to multiple variables
(risk factors, awareness, prevelance). The study populationhad beenselected fromhigh
school and university teachers who reside and work in Mogadishu, Somalia. Results:A
total of 222 (M/F (135/87)) respondents were included in the study of whom mostly were
university teachers (n=128 (57.7%)), and less were high school teachers (n=94 (42.3%)).
Majority of the population had been consisted of those graduated with degree (n=100
(45%)), and less were the ones with diploma (n=51 (23%)), secondary certificate (n=40
(18%)), master degree (n=29 (13.1%)) and PhD (n=2 (0.9%)) in decreasing frequency.
Most of respondents were less than 60 years of age (n=196 (89.2%)) that the majority were
within 30-40 years interval (n=74 (33.3%)). Prevelance of diabetes mellitus (DM) was
found as 36.5% (n=81). Though, only 15 (18.5%) patients had prior knowledge of which
type of DM (1 or 2) they had. Conclusion:Interactional educational programs should be
conducted both in public environment as well as in schools to improve knowledge and
awareness of the community about clinical outcomes of diabetes mellitus (DM) on common
health. Establishment of new screening programs will aid in prevention of adverse effects
related to diabetes mellitus (DM).
Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus (DM), Awareness, Education, Prevention