Background/aim: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a genetically recessive autoinflammatory disease caused by mutations in the Mediterranean fever (MEFV) gene. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequencies of the most common MEFV mutations among a sample of healthy individuals from the Havsa population of European Turkey, where FMF is less prevalent compared to Asian Turkey. Materials and methods: The study group consisted of 263 unrelated healthy adults. All of the participants were analyzed for the M694V, V726A, M680I, and E148Q mutations in the MEFV gene. Results: In total, 25 of the 263 individuals carried MEFV mutations (9.5%). The observed allele frequencies were 1.5% for M694V (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.5-2.5), 2.6% for E148Q (95% CI 1.6-3.9), 0.5% for M680I (95% CI 0.0-1.1), and 0.0% for V726A. The frequencies of the M694V, M680I, and E148Q mutations were not significantly different from allele frequencies (approximately 20%) determined for other regions of Turkey where FMF is more prevalent. Conclusion: These data suggest that the positivity of the MEFV gene mutation tests have lower predictive value in a population with low FMF prevalence.