Early life experiences and self-compassion: a structural equation modelling


Satici S. A. , Uysal R., Akin A.

ESTUDIOS DE PSICOLOGIA, vol.36, no.2, pp.343-365, 2015 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/02109395.2015.1026123
  • Journal Name: ESTUDIOS DE PSICOLOGIA
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.343-365

Abstract

The aim of the present study is to examine the relationships between early life experiences and self-compassion. Sample of the study consists of 268 university students, in Turkey. Participants completed the Early Life Experiences Scale and the Self-compassion Scale. The relationships between early life experiences and self-compassion were examined using correlation analysis and the hypothesis model was tested through structural equation modeling. In correlation analysis, self-kindness, common humanity and mindfulness factors of self-compassion were found negatively and self-judgment, isolation and over-identification factors of self-compassion were found positively related to early life experiences. The structural model fitted well ((2)=21.92, df=9, (2)/df=2.43, p=.00914, AGFI=.93, GFI=.97, CFI=.98, NFI=.97, NNFI=.95, IFI=.98, RFI=.92, SRMR=.047, RMSEA=.073). According to path analysis results, self-kindness, common humanity and mindfulness were predicted negatively by early life experiences. Further early life experiences predicted self-judgment, isolation and over-identification in a positive way. This research shows that early life experiences have a direct impact on the self-compassion.