Szarmata temető Makó-Igási járandóban – Sarmatian cemetery at Makó-Igási járandó (County Csongrád, Hungary)


Balogh C.

in: Conference of young scholars on the Migration Period, Esztergom, Novembr 4–6. 2014. — Hadak útján. A népvándorláskor fiatal kutatóinak XXIV. konferenciája, Esztergom 2014. november 4–6. Studia ad Archaeologiam Pazmaniensia. Archaeological Studies of PPCU Department of Archaeology – A PPKE BTK Régészeti Tanszékének kiadványai 4. — Magyar Tudományos Akadémia Bölcsészettudományi Kutatóközpont Magyar Őstörténeti Témacsoport Kiadványok 3., Balogh Cs.,Major B., Editor, Archeolingua Foundation, Budapest, pp.257-294, 2015

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Publisher: Archeolingua Foundation
  • City: Budapest
  • Page Numbers: pp.257-294
  • Editors: Balogh Cs.,Major B., Editor

Abstract

On the border of Makó, Igási Járandó (SE-Hungary) we have excavated a Sarmatian cemetery consisting of 16 graves. Its special finds highlights the cemetery consisting few grawes among the cemeteries of Sarmatian known to date, i.e. box-pendants worn around the neck, cast bronze lunula, unique strap rings. We observed besides pearl embroidered clothing characteristics of the Sarmatian women aslo their special belts and exotic hanging ornaments of them. On the threads hanging from the belts hung beads, a marine gastropod shell pendant (kauri), glass-amulets and glass-spindle.

The usage time of the cemetery can be dated on the basis of the archaeological material to the period between the second half of the 2nd century and the first decade of the 3rd century AD. The 14C data also support this date.

Based on the grave goods it was a burial place of the female members of a community who came from the East during the 2nd century AD to the Southern Great Plain. They preserved the heritage brought from the east in their costumes and burial habits as well as cultivated their eastern relations. They settled down along the Maros River, close to the road connecting Dacia and Pannonia. Due to this frequented place and the commercial and military road liying here there is a connection between the cemetery grave goods and the archeological materials of the remote Roman provinces.