Hand surgery & rehabilitation, vol.40, pp.25-31, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)
This study evaluated the risk of radioulnar synostosis after fracture of both forearm bones at the same level. We hypothesized that (i) the incidence of synostosis in both-bone forearm fractures at the same level is low with intramedullary nailing (IMN); (ii) the type of fracture (open/closed) and type of reduction (open/closed) affect time to union. Seventy-eight patients who had been treated with IMN for fracture of both forearm bones and had at least 1 year of follow-up were included in the study retrospectively. All the patients were treated by IMN following closed reduction or open surgery. Patients were followed clinically and radiologically. Age, open or closed fracture, time to union, and occurrence of synostosis were documented. The mean age of the patients was 33.4 years. Fifty-three (68%) patients were male. Fortyeight (61.5%) patients had high velocity injuries. The mean follow-up was 26.4 (12-46) months. According to the Grace and Eversmann scoring system, 95% had good or excellent outcomes. The mean DASH score was 10.5 (0-56). Union rate was 100%. Only one patient (1.2%) had a radioulnar synostosis at middle third level. IMN is a safe method that yields a high union rate and contributes to a low incidence of synostosis. Open fracture and open reduction during surgery have no effect on time to union. (C) 2020 SFCM. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.