The validity and reliability of thriving scale in academic context: Mindfulness, GPA, and entrepreneurial intention among university students

Ozcan N. A. , ŞAHİN S. , ÇANKIR B.

CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12144-021-01590-1
  • Title of Journal : CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY


This study aims to adapt the thriving scale into Turkish by considering its academic context and to examine the mediating role of thriving in the relationship between mindfulness, GPA scores, and entrepreneurial intention. The sample of the study has involved the participation of 134 students from five different departments of Istanbul Medeniyet University in Turkey, using data collected at three-time points in the spring semester of 2019. At the first and second time points, students filled out an online survey made up of questions regarding demographics, mindfulness, entrepreneurship, and thriving; while at the third time point, researchers obtained the students' GPA scores from a software-based university information system. The construct validity of the scales was tested via an Exploratory Factor Analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis. The Cronbach's Alpha coefficients were analyzed to test the internal consistency, while the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to analyze the test-retest reliability. Finally, a structural equation analysis was used to test the research model. The findings have been discussed in line with literature relevant to the issue, with recommendations on their possible application given in the conclusion of the study.