Az avar kori tömmlővégek – Avar Mouthpieces of Hoses

Balogh C.

Kuny Domokos Múzeum Közleményei, pp.193-216, 2016 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Title of Journal : Kuny Domokos Múzeum Közleményei
  • Page Numbers: pp.193-216


In the present study we deal with a rare object type from the Avar period; namely with the carved or turned short rolls made of bone or horn, which formed mouthpiece of leather or bladder hoses. We know 38 pieces of them among the historical relics of the Avar period. Most of their archaelogical sites are situated along the right side of the Tisza and left side of the Danube, and in the north-eastern corner of Transdanubia. 28 of them originate from the Danube–Tisza Interfluve, and based on this, bone mouthpieces of hoses can be kept distinctive pieces of Avar period finds from this area. In 4 graves along the Central Tisa there were 2-2 pieces, in other cases they were found one by one. We reconstruct their forms and closures on the base of ethnographic analogies and the Asian stone sculptures. The positions of the mouthpieces of hoses in graves show, that the hoses were worn suspended from a belt. Their chronological position are given based on their accompanying findings. Based on the earrings, beads, brooches, bone-disc boxes, belt ornaments and weapons they can be dated to the second quarter of the 7th century to the end of the century, or possibly to the beginning of the 8th century.