Kora avar kori sírok Felgyő-Kettőshalmi dűlőben – Early Avar Graves from Felgyő, Kettőshalmi dűlő


Balogh C.

in: Avarum solitudines. Archaeological studies presented to Gábor Lőrinczy on his sixtieth birthday – Avarok pusztái. Tanulmányok Lőrinczy Gábor 60. születésnapjára, Anders A.,Balogh Cs.,Türk A., Editor, Martin Opitz Kiadó, Budapest, pp.209-244, 2014

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Publisher: Martin Opitz Kiadó
  • City: Budapest
  • Page Numbers: pp.209-244
  • Editors: Anders A.,Balogh Cs.,Türk A., Editor

Abstract

Six Avar graves were uncovered during the archaeological investigation of a roughly 113,000 m2 large area on the outskirts of Felgyő. The large distances between the graves suggest that these were solitary burials that had been part of a burial zone. A distinctive group — characterised by knobbed and spiky ceramic wares, hand-thrown, asymmetric clay flasks, braid combs, mirrors, caskets with bone plaques, closed uncollared quivers adorned with narrow bone plaques and the earliest bone plaques for bow quivers — can be outlined in the early Avar material of the Danube-Tisza interfluve. These artefact types have no local amtecedents in the Carpathian Basin. The burial rites associated with this group (the north-northwest to south-southeast and north to south orientation of the deceased, the lack of sacrifical animals, the longish, pit-like cavities recessed into the long side of the shaft graves, the deposition of the remnants of funerary sacrifices into separate pits and the creation of a burial zone with graves scattered over a large area) reflect the arrival of a new population group to the Carpathian Basin in the second quarter of the 7th century.