This paper provides an overview of the existing situation in Turkey and studies how this could become more attractive for the implementation of autonomous desalination systems (ADS). The analysis covers relevant policy and programmes, legislation and administrative procedures, water prices and subsidies, institutional framework of the water sector, capacity building and general awareness. In general, the framework conditions in Turkey are relatively good. The policy direction towards decentralisation will favour ADS. Many programmes offer support for water supply and renewable energy and there are simplified administrative procedures. On the other hand, water policy favours traditionally centralised conventional solutions. The awareness about ADS is very low and the research in the field still restricted. In this paper, concrete recommendations have been developed that suggest simple steps for the establishment of ADS in Turkey.