The ISPAT project: Implementation of a standardized training program for caregivers of children with tracheostomy


YILMAZ YEĞİT C., KILINÇ SAKALLI A. A. , Oksay S. C. , Unal F., Yazan H., Kostereli E., ...More

PEDIATRIC PULMONOLOGY, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/ppul.25704
  • Title of Journal : PEDIATRIC PULMONOLOGY
  • Keywords: caregivers, hands-on-training, tracheostomy, QUALITY-OF-LIFE, PEDIATRIC TRACHEOSTOMY, MANAGEMENT-SKILLS, PATIENT SAFETY, CARE, HOME, SIMULATION, EDUCATION, COMPLICATIONS, TRACHEOTOMY

Abstract

Background Tracheostomy-related morbidity and mortality mainly occur due to decannulation, misplacement, or obstruction of the tube. A standardized training can improve the skills and confidence of the caregivers in tracheostomy care (TC). Objective Our primary aim was to evaluate the efficiency of standardized training program on the knowledge and skills (changing-suctioning the tracheostomy tube) of the participants regarding TC. Materials and Methods Sixty-five caregivers of children with tracheostomy were included. First, participants were evaluated with written test about TC and participated in the practical tests. Then, they were asked to participate in a standardized training session, including theoretical and practical parts. Baseline and postintervention assessments were compared through written and practical tests conducted on the same day. Results A significant improvement was observed in the written test score after the training. The median number of correct answers of the written test including 23 questions increased 26%, from 12 to 18 (p < .001). The median number of correct steps in tracheostomy tube change (from 9 to 16 correct steps out of 16 steps, 44% increase) and suctioning the tracheostomy tube (from 9 to 17 correct steps out of 18 steps, 44% increase) also improved significantly after the training (p < .001, for both). Conclusion Theoretical courses and practical hands-on-training (HOT) courses are highly effective in improving the practices in TC. A standardized training program including HOT should be implemented before discharge from the hospital. Still there is a need to assess the impact of the program on tracheostomy-related complications, morbidity, and mortality in the long term.