Polylactide nanoparticles encapsulating indocyanine green for photothermal therapy of prostate cancer cells

Akkurt M. , GÜLSOY M.

PHOTODIAGNOSIS AND PHOTODYNAMIC THERAPY, vol.37, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 37
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.pdpdt.2021.102693
  • Keywords: Indocyanine green, Photodynamic therapy, Poly (lactic acid), Nanoparticles, Prostate cancer, Photothermal therapy, PHOTODYNAMIC THERAPY, SIMULTANEOUS DELIVERY, ABSORPTION, AGENTS


Background: The aim of this study is to investigate the in vitro phototherapeutic potential of indocyanine green (ICG) loaded polylactide (PLA) nanoparticles on prostate cancer cells. Many attempts at designing drug delivery systems against cancer were made that incorporates ICG as a photothermal, photodynamic or imaging agent. However, most of these systems contain at least one more drug, making it hard to assess the effects of ICG alone. Methods: Nanoparticles (ICGNP) were prepared via nanoprecipitation. The effects of phase volume ratio and ICG concentration on size, loading capacity and encapsulation efficiency were explored. Photothermal and photodynamic properties of ICGNP were examined. PC-3 cells were used for cell viability tests. Irradiation was achieved via custom built 809-nm computer controlled diode laser at 1 W/cm2 (up to 600 J/cm2). Data were analyzed by ANOVA followed by Tukey's test (p <= 0.05). Results: ICGNP exhibited mean size of 300 nm with low polydispersity, and zeta potential of -14 mV. Upon laser irradiation, ICGNP were capable of causing temperature increase and producing singlet oxygen. On PC-3 cells, ICGNP were proved to be as effective as free ICG in inducing cell death. The measured temperature increase in culture medium and experiments with singlet oxygen quenchers suggest that the decrease in cell viability was mainly the result of photothermal action. Conclusions: ICGNP was effective as a photothermal agent on PC-3 cells but further improvements are required to increase ICG loading capacity for it to be useful on a wide range of cell types.