Reducing Dimensionality of Multi-regime Data for Failure Prognostics

Bektas O., Alfudail A., Jones J. A.

JOURNAL OF FAILURE ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION, vol.17, no.6, pp.1268-1275, 2017 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11668-017-0368-2
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1268-1275
  • Keywords: Failure prognostics, Multi-dimensional data, Dimensionality reduction, Remaining useful life estimation, HEALTH MANAGEMENT


Over the last decade, the prognostics and health management literature has introduced many conceptual frameworks for remaining useful life predictions. However, estimating the future behavior of critical machinery systems is a challenging task due to the uncertainties and complexity involved in the multi-dimensional condition monitoring data. Even though many studies have reported promising methods in data processing and dimensionality reduction, the prognostics applications require integration of these methods with remaining useful life estimations. This paper describes a multiple linear regression process that reduces the number of data regimes under consideration by obtaining a set of principal degradation variables. The process also extracts health indicators and useful features. Finally, a state-space model based on frequency-domain data is used to estimate remaining useful life. The presented approach is assessed with a case study on turbofan engine degradation simulation dataset, and the prediction performance is validated by error-based prognostic metrics.