Self-forming dynamic membrane bioreactor for textile industry wastewater treatment


Yurtsever A., Basaran E., Ucar D., ŞAHİNKAYA E.

SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, vol.751, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 751
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.141572
  • Journal Name: SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Analytical Abstracts, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, Environment Index, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Geobase, Greenfile, MEDLINE, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts

Abstract

The robustness of anaerobic dynamic membrane bioreactor (AnDMBR) for synthetic textile wastewater treatment was investigated. Textile wastewatermay contain high concentrations of NaCl and sulfate, hence their impact on the AnDMBR performancewas investigated in detail. A dynamic membrane was formed on a 20-mu m pore sized nylon support layer at a constant flux of around 8 LMH. In the absence of sulfate addition, total and filtered (soluble) COD averaged 96 +/- 49 mg/L (91% removal) and 75 +/- 35 mg/L (93% removal), respectively. Sulfate addition increased total CODin the permeate to 222 +/- 68 mg/L (79% removal). Average SS concentrationwas lower than 30 mg/L in the permeate although its concentration in the bioreactor reached 10 g/L. Throughout the AnDMBR operation dye removal averaged >97%. Sludge filterability, which was assessed by specific resistance to filtration, supernatant filtration, capillary suction time and viscosity, decreased after sulfate addition. Organic and inorganic matters in the dynamic layer were characterized by SEM-EDS and FTIR analyses. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.