JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, vol.30, no.4, pp.1298-1302, 2019 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)
This study determined the effect of electrohydraulic extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) on the healing of mandible defects repaired using particulate allogenic bone grafts. This study included 20 male Wistar rats aged 12 weeks. In all the animals, a critical-sized defect of 4-mm diameter was created in the mandible and the defect area was filled with particulate allograft. Next, the rats were divided into 2 groups, allograft (G) (n = 10) and allograftt+ESWT (GE) (n = 10). On days 3, 5, and 7 after the grafting, rats in the GE group received ESWT involving 200 pulses with an energy flux density of 0.19 mJ/mm(2). Five rats in each group were sacrificed at the end of week 4 and at the end of week 8. Defect areas were examined radiologically by performing high-resolution computed tomography and stereologically by using the Cavalieri method. Obtained data were compared by performing statistical analysis. Radiological evaluation showed that bone density was higher in rats in the G group than in those in the GE group at week 4. In contrast, bone density was higher in rats in the GE group than in those in the G group at week 8. Stereological examination showed that new bone, connective tissue, and capillary volumes were higher in rats in the GE group than in those in theGgroup at both weeks 4 and 8. The authors' results indicate that repeated doses of ESWT accelerate the healing of bone defects repaired using allogenic bone grafts.